John Pascoe Faulkner’s Cottage
Courtesy of the Glenorchy History Group
Convicted & Transported – Van Diemen’s Land 1804
by I. Schaffer
John Faulkner and his wife Hannah and their two children John and Elizabeth lived for sometime in London, but later moved to Cripplegate ward, near St. Giles. John senior was a refiner by trade.
John Faulkner senior was convicted on 30th April 1802 of feloniously receiving a gold snuff box, with diamonds, valued at £400, a diamond necklace, valued at £20, a pair of buckles valued at £11, two silver tablespoons valued at £1/10/- and five silver teaspoons valued at £2, being part of a parcel of goods and chattels stolen by Thomas Cullett.
Even though he was a convict he was allowed to bring his money on the ship and when he realized that he had to sleep in bunks with all the other convicts he paid the ship’s carpenter £20 for his cabin. This allowed the family to have a room to themselves.
He was transported on the Calcutta on 29th April 1803 with Lt. Col. Collins for the settlement of Port Phillip (later Melbourne). In 1804 Collin’s decided the site was not suitable for settlement, so the convicts were sent on the Ocean to the River Derwent in company with the Lady Nelson.
On 18th December 1806 John Faulkner senior received a grant of 50 acres located along the River Derwent at New Town (Faulkner’s Rivulet, now Chigwell and Claremont).
Hannah returned to England on the whaling ship Ocean on 4 August 1806 to claim a legacy. She did not return until June 1809. During this time John junior and Elizabeth spent much of their time on the farm by themselves. Their father John being away in Hobart Town.
On the 10th May 1809 John Faulkner senior was recorded as having 5 acres in wheat on his 50 acres of land as well as 6 cattle, 53 sheep and 72 goats, 1 wife and 2 children.
On the 1819 land muster John senior was recorded as having on his 50 acres of land – 20 acres in wheat, 2 acres barley, 4 acres beans and 10 acres of potatoes and 14 acres in pasture, 28 cattle, 270 sheep, 1 wife and 4 Government servants. Hannah, his wife had 50 acres of land – 20 acres in wheat, 50 acres in pastures.
John Jnr. and Elizabeth Faulkner – Life at Faulkner’s Rivulet
John and Elizabeth lived at the farm at Faulkner’s Rivulet, spending many days and weeks on their own. In his diary John wrote that it was his job to look after the sheep and that when it was cold he had to make shoes for himself out of kangaroo skins.
While the two children were there on their own, two convicts, who had become bushrangers, Samuel Tomlins and William Russell came and terrorized them, telling them if they did not tell where the money was hidden they would hold them over the fire. They eventually escaped when John grabbed his duck gun and he and Elizabeth ran out of the hut and hid in the bush until the bushrangers left.
There were no schools for them to go to, the nearest being in Hobart Town seven miles away. John had previously had some schooling as he was in boarding school in Chelsea when his father was arrested. Elizabeth was too young and her education would have been almost nil had her mother not taught her at home.
Both John and Elizabeth had been given land grants by Governor Macquarie. John 90 acres and Elizabeth 50 acres. Elizabeth’s grant was in the name Elizabeth Green, as she married Thomas Green in 1816. Thomas died that same year and Elizabeth married Richard Lucas (son of a first fleeter). The land in Hannah’s name may have been the 50 acres granted earlier to her daughter Elizabeth.
John jnr had 90 acres of land – 18 acres in wheat, 2 acres in barley and 70 acres in pastures. He had 14 cattle, 104 sheep and 10 bushels of grain in hand. He also had 2 Government servants. 
Hannah died in 1825 and John snr remarried twice.
The Melbourne Connection
John Faulkner jnr left for Port Phillip (later Melbourne) in 1835, his wife Eliza, father and stepmother later followed him and made their home with him. His father died there in 1854 aged 84, his stepmother in 1858 aged 66.
John jnr went on to become a well know identity in Victoria. John and his wife Eliza lived in a fine house in Pascoe Vale. He died on 4 September 1869 and his funeral was the largest ever held, over 200 carriages and 2000 people lined the streets to show their respect for this man. His wife Eliza died 8 July 1879.
The Fawkner’s family head stone was erected in the Melbourne Cemetery and still stands today.